Drug Summary

Albuterol Sulfate (Proventil®, Ventolin®)

Pharmacologic properties:

Albuterol is primarily a beta-2 agonist that produces bronchodilation with limited cardiovascular side effects due to it’s high specificity for beta-2 receptors. Onset is within 15 minutes; peak effect is in 60-90 minutes. Therapeutic effects may be active up to 5 hours.

Indications:

  • Acute bronchospasm (wheezing) due to asthma, COPD or allergic reactions

Contraindications:

  • Known hypersensitivity

Precautions:

  • Use cautiously in patients with coronary artery disease, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, diabetes
  • Epinephrine should not be used at the same time as albuterol, however, either may be used subsequent to a failure of the other

Side effects/ adverse reactions:

  • Nervousness
  • Tremor
  • Tachycardia
  • Hypertension
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Dosage and administration:

  • Each unit dose delivers 2.5 mg of Albuterol Sulfate in 3 ml total solution in adult and pediatric patients
    • Adult
      • 2.5 mg/3 ml administered via nebulization
      • Repeat as needed to maximum total 3 doses
    • Pediatric
      • 2.5 mg/3ml administered via nebulization
      • Repeat as needed to maximum total 3 doses